classification of living organisms

The six kingdoms:
there are six kingdoms-plants, animals, archaebacteria, eubacteria, fungi, and protists

Examples of the six kingdoms:
eubacteria: prodiobacteria, cyanobacteria, gram-postivebacteria
archaebacteria: methanogens, halophiles, thermoacidophiles
Fungi: mushrooms, mold, mildew


Protists: slime molds, algeaimages-1.jpeg

Plants: roses, ferns, mosses

Animals: tigers, humans, dogsanimalia.jpg

Typical environments where these organisms can be found:
Archaebacteria: one type is found in extreme enviornments such as hot boiling water and thermal vents under the conditions with no oxygen of high acid environments. A common place are hot springs. The second type is found in animal intestines. The third is found in salt water, such as the Great Salt Lakes.
Eubacteria is found anywhere, this is the kingdom people are most familiar with
Protists: mostly found in water
Fungi: found in soil, dead trees, and sometimes bread
Plants: plants are everywhere, they range from the deep ocean to mountain tops
Animals: animals are also everywhere, there are over one million identified species

Unicellular or multicellular:
Archaebacteria: unicellular
Eubacteria: unicellular
Protists: unicellular AND multicellular
Fungi: multicellular
Plants: multicellular
Animals: multicellular

Eukaryotic or Prokaryotic:
Archaebacteria: Prokaryotic
Eubacteria: Prokaryotic
Protists: Eukaryotic
Fungi: Eukaryotic
Animals: Eukaryotic

Plants Cells: has a cell wall that is a layer outside of the cell membrane which provides support, filtration, and protection. The cell wall also prevents over-expansion when water enters the plant. The carbohydrates making up the primary cell wall are cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin.
Animal cell: is a form of the eukaryotic cell that makes up tissues in the animal. An animal cell does not have a cell wall or chloroplasts.Since there is no cell wall, the animals cell can adapt to a variety of shapes.
Fungi: Very similar to the animal cell except for the following exceptions, the cell wall contain chitin and only the most primitive fungi has flagella
Protists: The cell wall is composed of cellulose

Archeabacteria: their cells do not contain Organelle because there they dont have membranes. They do have flagella.
Eubacteria: their cells naturally lack a cell wall.
How the organisms obtain food:
Plants: they are autotrophs, which means that they make their own food
Fungi: most of fungi food comes from parts of plants that are decaying in the soil.
Eubacteria: one type of eubacteria feeds on dead organisms or organic waste. Another type known as Autotrophs can make their own food.
Ecological or economical significance:
Archeabacteria: produces methane, helps breakdown food in the intestine and provides essential nutrients
Eubacteria: can convert nitrogen into the air in a form that plants can use, and it breaks down dead organisms.
fungi: responsible for doing a major cleaning role in our environment, they are in competition with one another for materials to decompose.
plants: since plants can produce their own food they are know as producers. Every food chain starts with a producer, meaning they had to supply for all the "consumers", without plants there would be no food chain
protists: some are responsible for human diseases, such as malaria or sleeping sickness.
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2. "Cells-The Building Bricks of Life." Cells. 15 Feb. 2009 < EukaryoticCell.jpg>.
3. "Living Things." The Six Kingdoms. 12 Feb. 2009 < ptiskus/Six_Kingdoms/Index.htm>.
4. "Meat Eaters." Tiger Facts. 16 Feb. 2009 < imgres?imgurl= tigers2.jpg&imgrefurl= tigerfacts.htm&usg=FDMtRu_Yt4FdFAo-KwQMJQ3DgB8=&h=768&w=1024&sz=173&hl=en&start =2&um=1&tbnid=C9IIBVPmr>.
5. "The Six Kingdoms." Bioligy II Notes__. 15 Feb. 2009 < sciences/6kingdoms.htm>.